Note: These are additions/clarifications that have been part of cnterpretations or custom but have not appeared in the rules book. Rule and Section references are for this edition unless otherwise indicated. There have been many minor editorial changes to clean up language and eliminate wordiness. Sportsmanship
The primary goal of the rules is to maximize the safety and enjoyment of the student-athlete. Sportsmanship is a key part of that goal. Sportsmanship should be a core value in behavior of players and bench personnel, in crowd control by game management and in the officials’ proper enforcement of the rules governing related actions.
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The NCAA Men’s and Women’s Basketball Rules have been designated as either administrative rules or conduct rules. Typically, administrative rules are those dealing with preparation for the contest. The conduct rules are those that deal directly with the playing of the contest. Some administrative rules (as indicated) may be altered by mutual consent of the competing institutions. Others (as indicated) are unalterable. No conduct rule may be changed by mutual consent. All NCAA member institutions are required to conduct their intercollegiate contests according to these rules. In the Men’s and Women’s Basketball Rules, the administrative rules that may be altered by mutual consent of the competing institutions are Rule 1, Sections 2, 3, 17, 20 and 3-5.10. The administrative rules that may not be altered are Rule 1, Sections 4 through 7, 15, 16 and 18; Rule 2, Section 1; and the free-throw lane diagram. All of the other rules are conduct rules and may not be altered.
The rules are divided into articles for ease of reference. Equipment/ apparel rules that are of concern primarily to manufacturers are contained in the rules supplements that follow this section. All court measurements are
Sportsmanship – Player/Bench Behavior
Player. For the third consecutive year, player technical fouls for unsporting behavior have increased. This trend continues to concern stakeholders in the game of women’s basketball. Excitement, passion and emotion continue to be desired qualities in our players, but they must be harnessed and displayed appropriately. Some specific areas of concern are:
a) Players’ taunting and attempting to intimidate opponents with words and/or gestures during live and dead balls.
b) Nonincidental dead-ball contact with/on an opponent. (NOTE: Contact that occurs after a whistle has blown, that is not incidental and cannot be ignored, by rule, must be penalized with a technical foul.)
c) Opponents’ posturing up or squaring off as if to fight – or actually engaging in a fight. Bench. Head coaches are expected to stay within the confines of the coaching box; wandering beyond the box and onto the court is dangerous to players and distracting to the game. Assistant coaches and all bench personnel are to remain seated while the ball is live, except to spontaneously react to an outstanding play, immediately sitting down afterward. The head coach should be thespokesperson for the team and address officials appropriately with questions and/or concerns.
POINTS OF EMPHASIS FOR WOMEN 21
Many players are performing this move illegally when they gather the ball and establish a pivot foot, spin on the other foot and then return the pivot foot to the court as a “plant” foot before the ball is released on a pass or try for goal. This is likely done to change the player’s momentum from horizontal to vertical and propel them upward for a jump shot. Once that pivot foot is returned to the court and the player has not yet released the ball, a traveling violation has occurred.
b) Shooter’s Hop. When a stationary perimeter shooter receives a pass while in contact with the ourt a pivot foot has been established. When after receiving this pass the shooter then immediately hops with both feet to achieve a desired shooting position, she has violated the provisions of the travel rule. The shooter may legally perform a jump stop prior to releasing the try if she is moving or dribbling, and with one foot on the court, she jumps off that foot and simultaneously lands on both feet. From that position she may jump and release a try, but may not pivot on either foot.
Contact on the Ball Handler/Dribbler.
The defender is permitted one touch with one hand (front or back) on the ball handler/dribbler in order to “measure up” – this has been called a “hot-stove” touch. This one-time 20 POINTS OF EMPHASIS FOR WOMEN
measure-up is the only defensive touch permitted on the ball handler/ dribbler. Previous guidelines will again be enforced for this basketball
season. A foul shall be called on the defender when: a) She contacts the ball handler/dribbler: with an arm-bar (contact with the forearm that is away from the body); more than once with the same hand or alternating hands; with two hands; or with one hand and keeps it on.
b) She uses the hands/arms to hold or push the ball handler/dribbler. c) She uses her body to hold, reroute, impede or displace the ball handler/ dribbler. d) Any holding, pushing or displacement occurs.
Contact by the Ball Handler/Dribbler. Again, emphasis will also be placed on the illegal actions of the ball handler/dribbler as she attempts to create distance between herself and her opponent, resulting in an advantage that was not intended by rule. A foul shall be called on the ball handler/dribbler when: a) She contacts and holds off her opponent by extending the non-dribbling arm or creates space by displacing her defender.
b) She initiates contact and dribbles (charges) into her legally established defender.
c) She “backs down” and displaces her legally established defender.
d) Any holding, pushing or displacement occurs. Traveling This is the third year traveling will be a point of emphasis. Great progress has been made in nearly all aspects of the game that involve traveling; however, special emphasis still is needed in two areas: the spin move to the basket and perimeter shooters taking an extra “hop” just after they receive the ball or just before releasing the try.
a) Spin Move. A spin move is typically utilized by a ball handler/dribbler in an effort to create separation from her defender and to close the distance to the basket. It is an exciting and athletic move; however, the rules regarding traveling must still be followed. When the player gathers the ball – usually with two hands – by rule, she has ended her dribble. When she ends the dribble, she establishes a pivot foot. That pivot foot may be lifted but it must not be returned to the playing court before the ball is released on a pass or try for goal.